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The Bridge to the 21st Century

Index

The Bridge to the 21st Century touches on a wide range of topics from the past century. The index shows the depth and breadth of this work.

1984 248
52/20 Plan 88
94114 162

A Streetcar Named Desire 75
Abortion 267-268
   legalization of 169-170
Abraham Lincoln Brigade 72
ACT UP (AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power) 188-190
African-Americans
   in the military 13,78
AIDS 270
   and heterosexual community 187
   and research funding 187
   as a lifestyle problem 187
   awareness 187-189
   Hollywood takes up the crusade 188
   surfaces in 1980s 187-190
Air and Water Quality Act 144
Air conditioning 77
Air travel 77
   first flight 22
   growth of 30
   All Too Human 220
Allen, Woody 220
America in Our Time 132
American Atheists 121
American Beauty 275-276
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) 53
American Communist Party 130
American culture
   decline of 210
Americans With Disabilities Act 198
Anti-Nazi League 72
Arbuckle, Fatty 59
Armstrong, Louie 92
Arts 210
   in 1910-1919 32
   in 1940s 94
Atomic bomb 85
Austin, Jane 230
Automobiles 4,59,60,103,236
   growth of 30
   in 1910-1919 34

Baby and Child Care 104
Baby boomers 69,125,131,195, 199,200,201,232,257
Bad As I Wanna Be 233
Baird, Zoe 219
Baker III, James A. 196,197
Bara, Theda 30
Baseball strike in 1995 229
Bawer, Bruce 162
Beat counterculture 106-108, 117,133
Beatnik counterculture 117-119, 125
Behind the Green Door 160
Bell, Alexander 4
Bennett, William 242-243
Bernhardt, Sarah 205
Beyond Queer 162
Birth control pill 119-120,125, 201
Birth of a Nation 31
Bobbitt, John 222
Bow, Clara 59
Branch Davidian raid 219,227
Breslin, Jimmy 186
Brokaw, Tom 82,191
Brown, Brooks 252
Brown, Lee 221
Bryan, William Jennings 16, 53-59,204
Buchanan, Pat 150,186
Buddhism 107
Bunche, Ralph 92
Burk, M.F. 45
Burroughs, William S. 106,107
Bush, George H. 191,195-199
   why he lost 1992 election 198-199
Bush, George W. 273
Butler Act 52

Cabey, Darrell 186
Callaway, Cab 92
Calley, William L. 158
Campanella, Roy 92
Capitalism 27,28,70
Carnegie, Andrew 3,21
Caro, Robert A. 136,138,140
Carter, Jimmy 180,181
Caruso, Enrico 205
Chambers, Marilyn 160
Chaplin, Charlie 205
Chapman, Lillian 35-37
   moves family to Houston 51
Children
   abuse of 169
   born out of wedlock 169
   homicide rate for 169
Civil Rights Act 144
Civil rights movement 109,125, 130,131,145,147,150,201,257
   sit-ins 126,131
Civil War 8,78,258
Clarke, Roy 204
Cline, Issac 277
Cline, Patsy 204
Clinton, Hillary 226,238,244
Clinton, Roger 202
Clinton, William Jefferson 197, 198,200,202-204,207-209, 218-220,221,223-226, 230-231,234,249,255-256
   and 1996 election 232-233, 238-239
   and fund-raising controversy 239
   and Lewinsky affair 224-225, 243-245
   avoids Vietnam 202
   impeachment trial 248
Cochran, Johnnie 228
Cold War 102,126
   end of 183
   expense of 172
Columbine High School shootings 248,250-253
Communications Decency Act 241
Communism 129,130,131,183, 210
   after World War II 87
   and "Popular Front" 72
   in 1910-1920 28
   in 1930s 71
   in 1950s 102-103
   in America in 1930s 71-73
    and Hollywood 72
Communist conspiracy 126
Connally, John 122
Consumer debt 265
   in 1990s 236
Coole, Cary 79-80,93,116-117, 122,123-124,177-178, 204-207
   and father's death 89-91
   trip to Russia 210-216
Coole, Edith Clementine Chapman 35-37,67,89-91,93
Coole, Virginia Ella Tipps 13-15, 22,25-27,32-34,37,51, 62,67
Coole, Walter Alton 16,25-27, 32-34,47-48,51,62, 67-68,79-80
   becomes agnostic 57
   death of 88-91
   joins the Marines 37-41,42-45
Coole, William Allen 1-22, 25-27,32-34,37,47,50, 51,62,67,114-117, 123-124,134,157
   on race relations 93-94
   on religion 58
Corporate culture
   in 1970s 152
Crash of 1929 62
Crawford, Joan 68
Credit society
   birth of 103
Crime 201
   in 1980s 184-187
   in 1990s 195,209,271-272
   rise in 1970s 174-175
Czolgosz, Leon 19

Darrow, Clarence 53-59
Darwin, Charles 11
Darwinism
   theory of.See Evolution: theory of
Dating
   in 1950s 110-111
   in 1970s 167
Daughters of the American Revolution 72
Dean, James 108
Debs, Eugene 17
Deep Throat 160
DeGeneres, Ellen 241
DeMause, Lloyd 179
Dempsey, Jack 50
Deregulation
   under Reagan 190
Desert Storm.See Persian Gulf War
Dietrich, Marlene 69
Dirty Harry 175
Disco clubs 167-169
   end of 184
Divorce 268-269
   climbing in 1920s 59
   rises in 1970s 157,161,169
Dole, Bob 232,234,238
Dr. Zhivago 211
Driver's licenses
   fake 109
Drugs 133,201,222
   in 1950s 107
   in 1960s 146
   in 1970s 159
   in 1990s 209,271
   scene at disco clubs 168-169
Dugger, Ron 147
Duncan, Isadora 205
Dunne, Dominick 163

Eappen, Matthew 242
Economic Opportunity Act 144
Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 183,190
Economy
   decline in late 1970s 177
   depression caused by S&L crisis 191
   expansion in 1920s 60
   impact on 1992 election 204
   in 1930s 66
   in 1940s 78,87-88
   in 1950s 103
   in 1990s 209,226,235-238
   in early 1990s 195-196
   recessions 172
Education
   growth in college population 125
   in 1940s 77
Eisenhower, Dwight David 102
Elder, Joycelyn 221
Elementary and Secondary Education Act 144
Ellington, Duke 59,92
Ellsberg, Daniel 150
English Common Law 256
Entertainment industry 30-31
   and communism in 1930s 72
   and violence 195
   in 1920s 50
   in 1930s 68
   in 1940s 77,79
   in 1960s 146-147
   in 1970s 159
   in 1990s 209
   markets to teens 106
   movies in 1990s 229-230,231
   movies in 1997 240-241
Evolution
   theory of 11,52-57

Fair employment practices 92
Farrakhan, Louis 228
Fascism 71
Fashion
   in 1950s 105
Federal budget
   in 1960s and 1970s 173
Federal debt
   in 1900-1910 7
   in 1929 61
   in 1930s 68
   in 1940s 87
   in 1969 148
   in 2000 266
Feinberg, David 189-190
Filegate 238,240
Flowers, Gennifer 218,240
Flynt, Larry 161,240
Foley, Red 205
Fonda, Henry 153
Fonda, Jane 153
Ford, Henry 34-35,59
Ford Motor Company 34
Forrestal, James 137
Fortas, Abe 140
Foster, Vince 220
Freemantle, Tony 226
French Napoleonic Code 256
Freud, Sigmund 49
Fritscher, Jack 163
Frum, David 168

Gable, Clark 69
Galveston
   1900 hurricane 15,277
   circa 1900 14
Garbo, Greta 68
Generation Xers 199-200,201, 232,252
Geyer, Georgie Anne 210
GI Bill 88
Ginsberg, Allen 106
Gish, Lillian 30
Gitlin, Todd 105,106,127-132, 201
Goetz, Bernhard 185-186,192
Goldman, Emma 19-20,32
Gone With the Wind 69
Goodman, Benny 59
Gore, Al 239,273
Grand Ole Opry 2,204-205
Grange, Red 50
Grant, Hugh 230
Graves, Howard 197
Great Depression 65-69,76-77, 101
Great Society Program 144,149, 259
   debt incurred by 173
Greatest Generation 69-70,82, 86-87,91,191,199,232
Greer, Germaine 170
Grey, Zane 31
Griffith, D.W. 31
Gross domestic product
   growth in 265
   in 1990s 237
Gross national product 267
   in 1900 7
   in 1910-1920 27
   in 1929 61
   in 1930s 68
   in 1949 87
   in 1969 148

Haiti
   U.S. invasion of 221
Hammerstein, Oscar 95
Harding, Tonya 222
Harding, Warren G. 48
Harlow, Jean 68
Harris, Eric 250-252
Hawthorne, Nathaniel 229,258
Hayes, Helen 205
Hersh, Seymour 158
Hippie culture 146,148
Hitler, Adolf 71,77
Hodgson, Godfrey 132
Homosexuality
   and disco clubs 168
   and gay activism 162
   and sexual freedom of 1970s 161-166
   gay bathhouses 162-164
   gay community and AIDS 187
   gays in the military 219
   growth of gay community 162
   in 1910-1920 42
Hoover, Herbert 66
Hopkins, Darwin (Hop) 82-85,88
Hopkins, Kay 82-85,88
Housing
   in 1950s 103
Housing and Urban Development Act 144
How We Got Here—The '70s 168
Hubbell, Webster 221
Hudson, Rock 187,188
Hussein, Saddam 196
Hustler Magazine 161

I Am Roe: My Life, Roe v. Wade, and Freedom of Choice 170
Immigration
   in 1900-1910 17,18
Immigration Act 144
Income
   personal 265
Indians
   as portrayed on television 99
Individuality
   becomes an issue 104
Industrial Revolution 235
Industrialism 27
Inflation 181
   in 1980s 184
   in 1990s 226,237
   in late 1970s 174
Information evolution vs. revolution 235
Inherit the Wind 52
Integration 174
Interest rates
   in 1980s 184
   in 1990s 237
Issac's Storm 277-278
Ito, Lance 227

Jackson, Michael 220
Jerry Maguire 240
Johnson, Lyndon Baines 115, 133,141-144,147-150
   economy under 172-173
   military career 137
   U.S. Senate election 136-141
Johnson, Paul 249
Jones, George 204,205
Jones, Paula 218,239,244
Jones, Sam 2,204
Joplin, Janis 20

Kaczynski, Theodore 231
Kennedy, John F. 97,113-116, 150,172
   assassination of 122-125, 133
Kennedy, Robert 141,175
   assassination of 147
Kent State 153-156
Kerouac, Jack 106,107
Kerrigan, Nancy 222
King, Martin Luther, Jr. 126
   assassination of 147
Kirklin, Mike 252
Klebold, Dylan 250-252
Korean War 103,270,272
Koresh, David 219
Kristofferson, Kris 20
Ku Klux Klan 61
Labor conditions
   in 1900-1910 18
   in 1910-1920 27-29
   in 1920s 61
Labor movement
   and disenfranchisement of blacks 29
   in 1910-1920 29
Labor unions 61,70,78,103
   and air traffic controllers strike 183
   membership drops 183
   striking in 1970s 174
Larson, Eric 277
Leftist movement 125,144,145, 150,201
   in 1960s 126-131
Lend-Lease Program 80-81
Lenin, Vladimir 17,19-20,211
Lewinsky, Monica 224-225,231, 240,241,243-245,249
Lewis, Sinclair 31
Liberty Bonds 39,41,46
Libraries 21
Limbaugh, Rush 179,192-193
Lindbergh, Charles 50
Literature
   pop culture 146-147
Lithuania 217-218
Louis, Joe 92

Magazines
popular in 1910-1920 31
Main Street 31
Mapplethorpe, Robert 163
Marjorie Morningstar 104
Marx, Karl 17,19-20,53
Masters, Edgar Lee 31
Matthews, Chris 239
McCarthy, Joseph 102,127,129
McCarthyism 126,129
McCorvey, Norma 170
McKinley, William 16-17,18
McNamara, Robert 150
Me decade 151
Medical Care Act 144
Middletown 50
Million Man March 228
Mills, Nicolaus 182
Mineo, Sal 108
Misery index 171,174,181,190
Mississippi Freedom Democrats 143
Modern Times: The World from the Twenties to the Nineties 249
Monica's Story 224
Montana Freemen 231
Morgan, John Pierpont 2-3,21
Morris, Dick 222,226,230, 238-239
Mortgage debt 265
Morton, Jelly Roll 59
Moyers, Bill 145
Murray vs. Curlett 120
Murray, William J. 120-122
Murrow, Edward R. 80
Music
   black 92
   popular in 1900-1910 22
   popular in 1920s 59,60
   popular in 1930s 69
   popular in 1950s 98
   popular in 1970s 170
   rock 133,146
My Lai Massacre 153,158,202

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People 22,126,259
National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities Act 144
Nelson, Willie 205
Network 171
New America 150-151,153, 257-276,264
   Bill of Rights 260-264
New Deal 70-71,78
New Economy 256,264
   vs. Old Economy 235-237
New Frontier Program 172
New Left 201
New world order 196
Newspapers
   flourished in 1920s 50
Nietzsche, Fredrich 53
Nixon, Richard 114,122, 149-150,151,154,158,180

O'Hair, Madalyn Murray 58, 120-122,201
Oil prices
   in 1970s 177
Oklahoma City bombing 227
Old America 150-154,256-257, 264
Old Economy 256,264
On the Road 106
Organized crime
   growth in 1920s 60
Orwell, George 248
Oswald, Lee Harvey 122

Packwood, Bob 220
Panic of 1907 21
Parenting
   in 1970s 156
   more permissive 105
Parr, George 138,148
Pasternak, Boris 211
Pearl Harbor 77
Pearl, Minnie 204
Pentagon Papers 150
Perot, Ross 198,199,234,238
Perry, David 164
Persian Gulf War 196-197
   casualties 197
Pickford, Mary 30,59
Political activism
   in 1960s 125,131,132,144, 145
Pop culture
   in 1960s 147
Population
   age categories 199
   growth 264
Population boom 125
Population shift
   from rural to urban areas 4
   in 1920s 50,52
Pornography
   growth of in 1970s 159-160,161
   in 1960s 146
Prayer
   ban in public schools 58, 120-122,125,201
Presidential election 2000 273-275
Presley, Elvis 98
Prices
   in 1900 6
   in 1940s 77
Primary Colors 245
Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization 183
Prohibition 31,48,60
   18th Amendment becomes law 46
   goes into effect 48
   in 1910-1920 41
   repeal of 77
Promiscuities—The Secret Struggle for Womanhood 170
Race relations 109,257-259
   and Subway Vigilante trial 186
   in 1900-1909 11-13,21
   in 1910-1920 29
   in 1920s 61
   in 1940s 78,92-94
   in 1950s 100
   in 1970s 157-158
   lynchings 8
Radio shows
   popular in 1940s 79
Raglin, Melissa 241-242
Ramsey, JonBenet 242
Rappe, Virginia 60
Rappleyea, George 53
Rationing 81
Reagan, Ronald 172,179-184, 188,190,196,199
Reagan's America 179
Real estate market
   in 1990s 237
Rebel Without a Cause 108-109,275
Reconstruction 12-13
Red-diaper babies 128
Reform Party 198
Religion
   and Scopes trial 53-59
Reno, Janet 219,240
Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC) 237
Roaring Twenties 48-62
Robbins, Marty 204
Robinson, Jackie 92
Rockwell, Norman 91
Rodgers, Richard 95
Rodman, Dennis 233
Roe vs. Wade 169-170
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano 65, 66,70,76,85
Roosevelt, Teddy 2,11,39
   becomes president 18,20-21
   elected vice president 16-17
Rowland, Sherry 238
Rubell, Steve 168,184
Ruby, Jack 123
Ruby Ridge 227
Russia 219
   alcoholism in 215
   in 1993 210-216
   privatization in 212
   security in 213-214
Ruth, Babe 50
Ryman Auditorium 2,204
Ryman, Thomas 2

Salas, Luis 139
Savings and loan crisis 174, 190-191,195
Scammon, Richard 153
School shootings 250-253
Schrager, Ian 168,184
Schwartz, Barry 226
Scopes, John 53
Scopes "Monkey" trial 52-59
Screen Actors Guild 72
Sense and Sensibility 230
Settlement house movement 18
Sex 133
   and the beat generation 107
   and the birth control pill 120,125
   attitude changes in 1920s 49-50,59
   experimentation in 1960s 146
   in 1970s 156-157,159-160,161
Sex education 222
Sexually transmitted diseases 270
   increase in 170
Shakur, Tupac 231
Shaw, George Bernard 5
Sherrill, Elizabeth 278-280
Shevardnadze, Edward 197,217
Shipp, Reuben 128
Silent majority 171
   birth of 153
Simpson, O.J. 222-223
   trial 227-228
Single-parent families 269
Sirhan, Sirhan 175
Situational ethics 151,226
Slavery 8-10
Small business
   increase in 1980s 183
Smith, Susan 223
Socialism 17,19-20,70,129-131
   in 1910-1920 28
Solzhenitsyn, Alexander 193
Some Dance To Remember 164
Sousa, John Philip 205
Southern Christian Leadership Conference 126
Soviet Union
   break up of 195,238
Spanish American War 2
   Battle of San Juan Hill 13
Spanish Civil War 73
Speakeasys 59
Spock, Benjamin 104,105
Spoon River Anthology 31
Stalin, Joseph 72,73
Starr, Kenneth 240,243,248
Stephanopoulos, George 220, 226,238
Stern, Howard 221
Stevens, John Paul 241
Stevenson, Coke 134-136
and U.S. Senate election 138-141
Stock market 265
crash 65-67
   flourishing in 1920s 60
Stonewall riots 162
Students For A Democratic Society (SDS) 131
Studio 54 168-169,184
Sugar production 9-10
Suicide 271
Sunday, Billy 204
Super Bowl
   in 1997 233
Susann, Jacqueline 147,159

Talk radio 180,192-193
Tarbell, Ida 49
Tax Reduction Act 144
Tax Reform Act of 1986 190,237
Taxes 266
   and bracket creep 173,183
   and tax deductions 172,173-174
   in 1980s 183
   increases in 1970s 172,173
   increases in 1990s 197
   reforms in 1980s 190
Taylor, Elizabeth 188
Telephone 4
Television 77,95,98-99
   in 1997 241
   popular shows in 1950s 98
   popular shows in 1970s 152
   popular shows in 1990s 209
Terrorism
   abroad in 1970s 175-177
   American hostages in Iran 176-177,181
   Oklahoma City bombing 227
The Bill of Rights 256
The Broad Highway 31
The Constitution of the United States 256
The Death of Outrage—Bill Clinton and the Assault on American Ideals 242
The Declaration of Independence 256
The Dharma Bums 106
The Ed Sullivan Show 98
The English Patient 240
The Greatest Generation 82
The Harvester 31
The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit 104
The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis 118-119
The Nutty Professor 240
The Origin of Species 11
The Real Majority 153
The Scarlet Letter 229,258
The Sixties—Years of Hope, Days of Rage 105
The Subterraneans 106
The Turmoil 31
The Winning of the West 11
The Years of Lyndon Johnson—Means of Ascent 136
Theater Committee for the Defense of the Spanish Republic 72
There's Something About Mary 246-247
Titanic 66,241
Tocqueville, Alexis de 210
Tolstoy, Leo 17,19-20,53
Transportation
   in 1950s 103
Travelgate 240
Tripp, Linda 243
Truman, Harry S. 85
Tubb, Ernest 205
Tuskegee Institute 21

Unemployment
   in 1930s 66
   in 1980 181,183
   in 1990s 226
Union Gospel Tabernacle 2,204
United States Steel Corporation 3
Urban Mass Transportation Act 144
Urov, Boris 216
Valley of the Dolls 147
Venereal disease
   and World War I 41
Versace, Gianni 241
Vietnam War 109,145,149, 150,153,158-159,197, 201,257,270,272
   casualties 158
   cost of 172
   opposition to 132-133,153-156
Voting age 122
Voting Rights Act 144

Wag the Dog 245
Wages
   in 1900-1909 7
   in 1910-1920 34
   in 1929 61
   in 1930s 66,68
   in 1940s 78,87
   in 1969 148
Walsh, Edmund 102
Walters, Barbara 244
War babies 125,131
War on Poverty Program 144,259
Washington, Booker T. 21,204
Watergate 149-150,151,180
Waterworld 230
Wattenberg, Ben 153
Weir, John 189-190
Whitewater 218,240
Wigmore, Barry 228
Wilcox, Ella Wheeler 32,253
Wilderness Preservation Act 144
Williams, Hank 204,205
Williams, Ron 162
Wilson, Sloan 104
Wilson, Woodrow 37,53
Wolf, Naomi 170
Wolfe, Tom 151,159,168
Women's fashion
   circa 1900 5
   in 1920s 49
Women's movement 169-170
in 1910-1909 32
   in 1920s 49
Women's right to vote 31,49
Women's rights
circa 1900 5
Wood, Kimba 219
Wood, Natalie 108
Woodward, Louise 242
World War I 39,76